HPV DNA High Risk Test
- The oncogenic types of HPV are classified as high risk, and include HPV 16 and 18.
- Other types are considered low risk, as they do not appear to cause cancer.
- According to the World Health Organization (WHO), HPV is the second biggest cause of female cancer mortality worldwide, claiming about 250,000 lives annually. In Europe alone, the disease claims about 15,000 lives each year. It is estimated that nearly 70% of cervical cancers are caused by HPV types 16 and 18.
- More than 200 different HPV types have been identified based on differences in genome sequences.
- Among these HPV types, a subset of 19 HPV types are considered as high/moderate high risk for causing lesions of the cervical mucosa and leads to cervical cancer in women.
- HPV DNA High Risk Test is a PCR based qualitative detection of DNA from Human papillomavirus (HPV) genotypes 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 53, 56, 58, 59, 66, 68 and specific identify HPV 16 and HPV 18, the two most dangerous HPV genotypes, from dry swab cervical sample.